This is PART TWO of a session written by Keith Boanas the former head coach of Estonia Women, for a team in Finland that was having trouble with the goalkeeper staying glued to her line. In PART ONE you can find how the field should be set up MORE
How to keep keepers keen
It can make a young goalkeeper’s life a lot easier if they’re always in the right position to make the save.Always on the go
Before a goalkeeper even uses any part to touch the ball, they should be making constant adjustments to their position in relation to where the ball is on the field of play – even when it’s at the other end of the pitch! Below, we look at where keepers should be positioned in general play and when facing a shot.
Phase 1: The middle attacker plays the ball to themselves, at any angle left or right, and gives chase. They shoot with their second touch.
Phase 2: The middle attacker plays the ball left or right to either of the two supporting attackers. The supporting attackers can either shoot first time or take a touch before shooting.
Phase 3: The middle attacker can either take a touch left or right and take a shot, or pass. If they pass, the supporting attackers can now shoot on their third touch if they choose to.
THE COACH SHOULD OBSERVE THE KEEPER’S MOVEMENT FROM BEHIND THE GOAL.
As easy as 1-2-3
1. If the ball is in the attacking third of the pitch, the keeper should be in the front third of their penalty area.
2. If the ball’s in the middle third, they should stand in the middle third of their penalty area.
3. If the ball’s in the defending third, they should position themselves a little distance from their goal-line.
Sweep it up
Why is all that important? Because as well as making saves, a goalkeeper’s job is to provide support for their defence. The space between the keeper and defenders should be small enough to make it tricky for opponents to play a ball into it without either the keeper or defenders getting there first. A good position also means the goalkeeper is available to receive a backpass from an under pressure teammate.
Stop that shot – part 1
To prepare for a save, goalkeepers should:
- Constantly adjust their position in relation to the sideways or backward/forward movement of the ball.
- Be towards the midline of a triangle formed by lines joining the position of the ball and the two goal-posts (see diagram).
- Once in line, plant their feet and be balanced when the attacker is in possession and in a position to shoot.
- Get on their feet quickly again after saving the shot and be ready for the next one!
Shop that shot – part 2
When an attacker’s through on goal in a 1v1, the goalkeeper should also:
- Move along the line to the ball if it’s outside the playing distance of the attacker, and as fast as possible.
- Once the keeper has closed down the attacker, they should slow to a couple of arms’ lengths away and force the shooter to make a decision. Slowing down makes it easier to react, and makes it harder for the attacker to dribble around the goalkeeper.
Remember: The goalkeeper is a specialist position so it deserves special attention.